47 RONIN EBOOK

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47 Ronin Ebook

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Editorial Reviews. Review. "47 Ronin is a worthy addition to the library of any fan of Japanese history, medieval warfare or comics." sandmilgnigeco.ga About the. 47 Ronin: lt;div class="hatnote"|>For other uses, see |Forty-seven Ronin ( disambiguation)|.| || The revenge World Heritage Encyclopedia, the aggregation of. Compre 47 Ronin (English Edition) de Shunsui Tamenaga, James Murdoch, A. B. Confira também os eBooks mais vendidos, lançamentos e livros digitais.

A search of the building disclosed a man hiding; he attacked the searcher with a dagger, but the man was easily disarmed. He refused to say who he was, but the searchers felt sure it was Kira, and sounded the whistle. However, no matter how much they entreated him, Kira crouched, speechless, and trembling.

Kira was killed on the night of the 14th day of the 12th month of the 15th year of Genroku Gregorian [ 27 ]. They then extinguished all the lamps and fires in the house lest any cause the house to catch fire and start a general fire that would harm the neighbors and left, taking Kira's head.

Though Kichiemon's role as a messenger is the most widely accepted version of the story, other accounts have him running away before or after the battle, or being ordered to leave before the ronin turned themselves in.

As day was now breaking, they quickly carried Kira's head from his residence to their lord's grave in Sengaku-ji temple, marching about ten kilometers across the city, causing a great stir on the way.

The story of the revenge spread quickly, and everyone on their path praised them and offered them refreshment. On arriving at the temple, the remaining forty-six ronin all except Terasaka Kichiemon washed and cleaned Kira's head in a well, and laid it, and the fateful dagger, before Asano's tomb.

They then offered prayers at the temple, and gave the abbot of the temple all the money they had left, asking him to bury them decently, and offer prayers for them. They then turned themselves in; the group was broken into four parts and put under guard of four different daimyo.

During this time, two friends of Kira came to collect his head for burial; the temple still has the original receipt for the head, which the friends and the priests who dealt with them all signed. The shogunate officials in Edo were in a quandary. The samurai had followed the precepts of bushido by avenging the death of their lord; but they had also defied the shogunate authority by exacting revenge, which had been prohibited.

In addition, the Shogun received a number of petitions from the admiring populace on behalf of the ronin.

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As expected, the ronin were sentenced to death for the murder of Kira; but the Shogun had finally resolved the quandary by ordering them to honorably commit seppuku instead of having them executed as criminals. The forty-seventh ronin, identified as Terasaka Kichiemon, eventually returned from his mission and was pardoned by the Shogun some say on account of his youth. He lived until the age of 87, dying around , and was then buried with his comrades.

The assailants who died by seppuku were subsequently interred on the grounds of Sengaku-ji, [ 2 ] in front of the tomb of their master.

The clothes and arms they wore are still preserved in the temple to this day, along with the drum and whistle; the armor was all home-made, as they had not wanted to arouse suspicion by downloading any. The tombs became a place of great veneration, and people flocked there to pray. The graves at the temple have been visited by a great many people throughout the years since the Genroku era.

He then committed suicide and was buried next to the graves of the ronin.

Though the revenge is often viewed as an act of loyalty, there had been a second goal, to re-establish the Asanos' lordship and finding a place for fellow samurai to serve. Hundreds of samurai who had served under Asano had been left jobless, and many were unable to find employment, as they had served under a disgraced family. Many lived as farmers or did simple handicrafts to make ends meet.

The revenge of the Forty-seven Ronin cleared their names, and many of the unemployed samurai found jobs soon after the ronin had been sentenced to their honorable end.

Asano Daigaku Nagahiro, Naganori's younger brother and heir, was allowed by the Tokugawa Shogunate to re-establish his name, though his territory was reduced to a tenth of the original. The ronin spent more than a year waiting for the "right time" for their revenge. It was Yamamoto Tsunetomo , author of the Hagakure , who asked this famous question: Even if they had claimed, then, that their dissipated behavior was just an act, that in just a little more time they would have been ready for revenge, who would have believed them?

They would have been forever remembered as cowards and drunkards—bringing eternal shame to the name of the Asano clan. The right thing for the ronin to do, wrote Yamamoto, according to proper bushido , was to attack Kira and his men immediately after Asano's death. The ronin would probably have suffered defeat, as Kira was ready for an attack at that time—but this was unimportant. He conceived his convoluted plan to ensure they would succeed at killing Kira, which is not a proper concern in a samurai: Even if they had failed to kill Kira, even if they had all perished, it would not have mattered, as victory and defeat have no importance in bushido.

By waiting a year, they improved their chances of success but risked dishonoring the name of their clan, the worst sin a samurai can commit. This is why Yamamoto and others claim that the tale of the Forty-seven Ronin is a good story of revenge, but by no means a story of bushido.

Below are other authors' criticisms of the events surrounding Asano's attack on Kira and the subsequent attack on Kira's mansion by the Forty-seven Ronin. The tragedy of the Forty-seven Ronin has been one of the most popular themes in Japanese art, and has lately even begun to make its way into Western art. Immediately following the event, there were mixed feelings among the intelligentsia about whether such vengeance had been appropriate. Many agreed that, given their master's last wishes, the ronin had done the right thing, but were undecided about whether such a vengeful wish was proper.

Over time, however, the story became a symbol, not of bushido, as the ronin can be seen as seriously lacking it, but of loyalty to one's master and later, of loyalty to the emperor. Once this happened, the story flourished as a subject of drama, storytelling, and visual art. The incident immediately inspired a succession of kabuki and bunraku plays; the first, The Night Attack at Dawn by the Soga appeared only two weeks after the ronin died.

It was shut down by the authorities, but many others soon followed, initially in Osaka and Kyoto , farther away from the capital. Some even took the story as far as Manila , to spread the story to the rest of Asia. Their deeds became Japan's most celebrated example of bravery, cunning, and loyalty in an age when samurai were heroes, and honor was worth dying for.

John Allyn's masterful retelling of 47 Ronin has long been considered the definitive version of these dramatic historical events Fiction Historical Fiction Publication Details Publisher: HighBridge Company Edition: Unabridged Publication Date: He ser We want your feedback!

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